Climate Change, Air Pollution and Health 

Air pollution is already a significant health problem in Australia, and on current trends will worsen in the future. The estimated financial cost of premature deaths due to air pollution ranges from roughly $11 billion to $24 billion per year.

Many factors contributing to poor air quality are likely to increase in the future. Energy use is projected to increase. If this comes from burning fossil fuels, it will cause an increase in air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. According to the current emissions-growth trajectory, Australia will not meet its emissions reduction targets for 2030, committed to as part of the global Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015.